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Part Fifteen

Preliminary thoughts: The original Elsinores introduced mid-2006 used the Vifa (now called Peerless V-Line) XT25 Tweeter. This version of the Elsinores are now referred to Mark 1. In 2007 we now use a new Tweeter, the Peerless HDS 810921.

The following was presented in a thread on www.diyaudio.com - it was primarily a discussion and comparison of two tweeters: The latest Scan-Speak D3004/660000 Tweeter (D30 for short) and he new Peerless HDS Tweeter. As part and also used in calibration of the test setup, the XT25 is also partly featured. But both newer tweeters outclass the XT25 in all areas except flat response. The D30 is 4 Ohm and makes it less suitable for the Elsinores. The Peerless HDS is 8 Ohm and its cost is higher than XT25, but nevertheless much less expensive than D30.

Peerless HDS 810921

            Scan-Speak D3004/660000

 

Next, the thread:


Scan-Speak D3004/660000 Versus Peerless HDS 810921

Will take this step by step. Frequency Response first.

Even though this will be a comparison between Scan-Speak D3004/660000 and Peerless HDS 810921, the will be referred as D30 and HDS subsequently. Please also note the colours will be consistent throughout. At the beginning the Vifa (now Peerless V-Line) XT25 will be Green.

The XT25 has a predictable response and is easy to reference to 91dB @ 1M with 2.83V RMS input:

Has there ever been a flatter frequency response by ANY tweeter, period? AWESOME! This is of course ON axis, so let us not be premature to give it a tick of approval. These FR measurements are taken @ 700mm which means, given that this is a 4 Ohm nominal tweeter, normally would require 2W @ 91dB. This is 700mm and thus 3dB less power - 1W.

The response is accurate down to 1300-1400Hz. It is not a full size IEC baffle. Besides, ultimately it is the final in-box response that matters.

This tweeter is a great reference tool. I allows you to calibrate your system to better than reasonable accuracy, given that it is a consistent 91dBSPL and FLAT. Just make sure that it is flush mounted (don't try measure it any other way) on a large rectangular baffle, does not have to be as big as an IEC baffle (although that would be good).

Next D30:



Much more sensitive by 2-3dB, quite useful. Depression @ 8.5KHz and 16KHz peak. Will be interesting to see what happens to those when looking OFF axis.

Next HDS



This has the least flat response of the three.

Now for OFF Axis Response Family :



These are 25 OFF axis. Both D30 and HDS look good, D30 averages almost flat in the top octave. HDS looks very smooth here but not too badly rolled off. BUT XT25 has died. Just as its ON axis is smooth, so is its OFF axis response, but it starts to die at 2KHz and is minus 20dB down @ 20KHz.

The D30 has the highest sensitivity (voltage), but since the HDS is 8 Ohm, it shades the D30 in efficiency (voltage times current). The XT25 is the hardest to drive. This is not inconsequential as I see it. At the same (relative) SPL this means greater heat in the voice coil and potentially greater dynamic compression, all other things being equal (are they?).

The winner here is D30. HDS is OK, even though it has the worst ON axis response, its OFF axis response is redeeming especially when compared with XT25 .

XT25 now exits.

Next: CSD.

(21 more graphs to come).


Based on the same MLS/impulse response, here are the CSDs:

D30 :



HDS :



Did not spend a lot of time on this. Windowed the impulse response and omitted and limit set to 30 lines.

Take your pick.

Joe R.

PS: For those who wanted to take a look at
XT25 :



 

Next: Harmonic 2-5 Distortion graphs.
 


Harmonic Distortion Graphs

These are done at 125mm on axis. Please note the dBSPL scale on the left. This relates to the SPL actually seen by the measurement mic. If you wish to convert to 1 Metre - then minus 18dB. Thus the first set of graphs set to a max of 110dB would equate to 92dBSPL.

We will start with 110dBSPL max.

D30 :



There is that elevated 2nd but higher order are well suppressed and generally going downwards with rising frequency.

Now compare with Next HDS:




Lower 2nd but 3rd is not generally as low as
D30 .

Next 100dBSPL.

D30 :



Still elevated 2nd but look at that 3rd as well as higher orders, super!

Now compare with Next HDS:




Despite the elevation of 2nd in D30 it is the 3rd that stands out as better than HDS.

Next 90dBSPL.

D30 :



Since 90dBSPL equates to 72dB, this is near respectable listening range IMO. At these levels the 2nd is no longer elevated and the results are near exemplary.

Now compare with Next HDS:




Quite good as well, but notice that here the tables are turned with respect to 2nd. Now it is the HDS that has a rising 2nd, which it had at higher level plots as well. But unlike D30's elevated 2nd, the HDS has not lost its rising 2nd entirely, but its lower end 2nd is even better suppressed than D30.

But BOTH are very credible performers.

The winner? It is so close as to be near a tie, but better 3rd order gives it narrowly to
D30.

Joe R.

Next: THD.


THD.

Same method, 125mm etc. But instead of changing levels, we change frequency - 100dBSPL was chosen.

First 1KHz- the lower the frequency, the greater the demand on the tweeter.

D30 :



That looks like high THD - 1.325% - but it is dominated by the 2nd.

HDS:



Yes, the THD is lower, but look closely. In
D30 the 2nd is greater than 3rd whereas HDS 3rd is greater than 2nd. This makes the Total Harmonic Distortion figures misleading.

Let's go onto 2KHz.

D30:



Still dominated by 2nd, but 3rd is just noticeable and higher suppressed.

HDS:



Lower 2nd but higher 3rd.

Now 4KHz.

D30:



Nicely cascading - a good sign a la Jean Hiraga.

HDS:



Pretty much a draw here.

OK, where does this get us? Note that in every set of plot HDS measures lower? Yes, THD is misleading, only by breaking the figure into individual harmonic components can we see the real picture.

The winner. Curiously that every THD favours HDS, yet as above
D30 is a narrow winner.

What do you think?

Next: IMD Tri-Tone Tests.


IMD Tri-Tone Tests.

This is the last 'chapter.'

The Tri-Tones will be centered around 1KHz, 2KHz and 4KHz. Two out of three adjusted to 100dBSPL @ 125mm.


1KHz

D30:



HDS:



2KHz

D30:




HDS:



4KHz

D30:



HDS:



The winner? This time you tell me. The calculated IMD figure overwhelmingly favours HDS - what do you think?

So there you have it. Spend some time analysing the graphs, maybe you noticed something I didn't? I have tried to keep running comments to a minimum, only guiding where I feel appropriate. Where I have discussed a so-called 'winner' it is only to point that summed distortion figures - and hence into a single figure - can be misleading. This alone should be discussed.

Other factors: If you are assembling a 4 Ohm speaker system and don't mind paying the extra money, then you should consider the
D30. But if you are aiming at a sensitive speaker system and 8 Ohm, then HDS is for you. If cost is a consideration (Madisound lists a 3.7:1 price ratio), then the HDS is made for you!

The final thing that stands out is in relation to
D30: The shelved 2nd order distortion. There seems to have been made a conscious decision to trade off greater 2nd harmonic distortion for a lower level 3rd. This alone strikes me as the single overall most important conclusion regarding its behaviour and maybe why these two samples here measure differently than earlier 2006 samples (these are definitely 2007).

Over to you guys!

Joe R.
 


Thanks for the tests, Joe. It's good to see this level of thoroughness.

The calculated IMD% number, like THD, is heavily weighted by 2nd order products. A good way to compare these is to just drop one on top of the other to compare the whole spectrum. We'll call that Mark K style, since he's the only guy I see doing that. Praxis has it built in, but if I want to do it in SE, I have to use an image editing program.

Your results are actually very close to both mine and Mark's, done on 2006 tweeters. The SPL of the 6600 seems to be the same, and the only real difference seems to be minor variations in the top octave.

Unfortunately, there's minor variations in the top octave for all the 6600's from 2006. I've tested 4, my own pair and another pair, and just about every one had a mildly different top octave. Peak at 20kHz (2), dip at 12kHz with a plateau above (1), and perfectly flat out to 35kHz (1). I don't put a lot of value in the top octave response, as long as it's somewhat there. The important part of the response curve starts at the low end, IMHO.

Thanks,
John


-Zaph|Audio-


 

Using a Waveguide and affect on the Off Axis reponse:

Just as an afterthought, come back to the earlier posted posted graph that shows the family of OFF axis of Scan-Speak D30 (RED), new Peerless HDS (BLUE) and Vifa XT25 (GREEN):



It's the XT25 that is of interest here.
Now note below the same tweeter that I have measured with a square waveguide used in my Elsinore Project speakers:



Both are calibrated dBSPL measurements and 25 OFF axis.

Ignore the rise below 3KHz and the dip at 750Hz (caused by the waveguide). It's higher up that interests me. Compare the XT25 being -20dB at 20KHz and the results when using a waveguide.

The OFF axis response does not seem to drop off anywhere near as when it is flush mounted on a rectangular baffle.

Does a waveguide bolster the OFF axis, in this case 25 (the wave guide is much shallower than that). Seems so.

There was a review of the Lipinski L707 speakers in December 2005 Stereophile that also used a waveguide (staggered foam) with XT25 tweeter. The technical side of the review showed surprise that the off axis was that good since it was using THAT tweeter.

"Unusually for a ring radiator tweeter... doesn't get as directional at ultra-sonic frequencies as other designs I have measured."

Joe R.

 

 

Total Design Responsibility, Joe Rasmussen of Custom Analogue Audio & JLTi

Part Financial Sponsor & Prototype Box Construction, Bernard Chambers of Sutherland

Sounding Boards, Michael Lenehan of Lenehan Acoustics & Brad Serhan of Orpheus Loudspeakers


 

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Last modified: Monday June 08, 2015

Just had a terrible thought. If "intelligent design" is unscientific, then who will design our audio equipment?